What you need to know about an Oregon Security Guard. What they can and cannot do under the law?

I can provide general information, but it's essential to note that specific laws and regulations can change, and the details may vary. For accurate and up-to-date information, it's recommended to consult legal professionals or the relevant authorities in Oregon.

In Oregon, security guards are typically regulated by the Oregon Department of Public Safety Standards and Training (DPSST). Here are some general points about what security guards can and cannot do under the law in Oregon:

What They Can Do:

Provide Physical Security:

Security guards can be hired to provide physical security for properties, events, or individuals.

Enforce Rules and Regulations:

Guards may enforce rules and regulations established by the property owner or employer.

Make Citizen's Arrest:

Like any private citizen, security guards may make a citizen's arrest if witnessing a crime, but they must do so within the limits of the law.

Use of Force:

Guards may use reasonable force in self-defense or defense of others, but excessive force is not allowed.

Monitor Surveillance Equipment:

Guards can monitor surveillance equipment to ensure the safety and security of the premises.

What They Cannot Do:

Act as Law Enforcement:

Security guards do not have the authority of law enforcement officers. They cannot make arrests for crimes not witnessed, and they cannot conduct criminal investigations.

Exceed Legal Authority:

Guards must operate within the confines of the law and cannot exceed their legal authority.


Guards are prohibited from engaging in discriminatory practices or using excessive force based on race, gender, or other protected characteristics.

Carry Firearms Without Proper Licensing:

If a security guard carries a firearm, they must have the appropriate licensing and training. Not all security guards in Oregon are armed.

Violate Privacy:

Guards must respect privacy rights and not engage in activities that violate an individual's right to privacy.

It's crucial for security guards and their employers to be aware of and comply with all relevant laws and regulations to avoid legal issues. For the most accurate information, consult the latest guidelines from the Oregon DPSST or seek legal advice.

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